Stochastics Indicator – Excel VBA and Formula versions

This post includes  two example excel files that show both VBA and Formula based calculations for the indicator "Stochastics".

Both files contain the exact same set of Open High Low Close data. The formula based version should be easier to understand and serves as a way to verify that the VBA code that I wrote is correct. Both methods give the same result for both %k and %D.  The major benefit of using VBA is that the parameters for Stochastics can be easily changed from the input boxes. In addition the VBA method shows only the final result rather than take up five columns.

The VBA based version can be downloaded here.

The formula version can be downloaded here. Below is an image of the formulas used in the formula based version.


Below is the code that I wrote for the VBA based version.

Sub ETstochastic() 'written by Exceltrader
Dim StochSetting As Integer, Ksetting As Integer, Dsetting As Integer
Dim A() As Double, B() As Double, C() As Double, D() As Double, E() As Double
Dim Count As Long
Dim Xcounter As Integer, Xavg As Double
Dim Zcounter As Integer, Zavg As Double
Dim x As Integer, y As Integer, z As Integer
''  The below three lines are the Stochastic settings.
''  The Values can either be changed here or uncomment the inputbox lines to be prompted.
StochSetting = 14 'InputBox(Prompt:="Enter Stoch settings Number of Periods.", Title:="Stochastic Period", Default:="13")
Ksetting = 2 'InputBox(Prompt:="Enter Moving Average For %K", Title:="%K Setting", Default:="5")
Dsetting = 3 'InputBox(Prompt:="Enter Moving Average For %D", Title:="%D Setting", Default:="6")
Set ws = ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Svba")
    With ws
    LR = .Cells(Rows.Count, "A").End(xlUp).Row
'does the same as formula =E15-(MIN(D1:D15))
        For Each DataRange In ws.Range(.Cells(2, "A"), .Cells(LR, "A"))
        Count = DataRange.Row
        ReDim Preserve A(1 To Count)
                If Count >= StochSetting + 1 Then
                     A(Count) = .Cells(Count, "E") - Application.Min(ws.Range(.Cells(Count - StochSetting, "D") _
                     , .Cells(Count, "D")))
                End If
        Next DataRange
     'does the same as formula   =MAX(C36:C50)-MIN(D36:D50)
        For Each DataRange In ws.Range(.Cells(2, "A"), .Cells(LR, "A"))
        Count = DataRange.Row
        ReDim Preserve B(1 To Count)
                If Count >= StochSetting + 1 Then
                     B(Count) = Application.Max(ws.Range(.Cells(Count - StochSetting, "C"), .Cells(Count, "C"))) _
                     - Application.Min(ws.Range(.Cells(Count - StochSetting, "D"), .Cells(Count, "D")))
                     End If
        Next DataRange
        ReDim Preserve C(StochSetting + 1 To UBound(B))
            For Count = StochSetting + 1 To UBound(B)
                   C(Count) = (A(Count) / B(Count)) * 100
            Next Count
        ReDim Preserve D(StochSetting + Ksetting To UBound(B))
            For Count = StochSetting + Ksetting To UBound(B)
                For Xcounter = Count - Ksetting + 1 To Count 'just go back and get the first C and go forward to current
                    Xavg = C(Xcounter) + Xavg
                Next Xcounter
                D(Count) = Xavg / Ksetting
                Xavg = Empty
            Next Count
            ReDim Preserve E(StochSetting + Ksetting + Dsetting - 1 To UBound(B))
            For Count = StochSetting + Ksetting + Dsetting - 1 To UBound(B)
                For Zcounter = Count - Dsetting + 1 To Count 'just go back and get the first C and go forward to current
                    Zavg = D(Zcounter) + Zavg
                Next Zcounter
                E(Count) = Zavg / Dsetting
                Zavg = Empty
            Next Count
  x = Empty: y = Empty: z = Empty
  x = LBound(E)
  y = UBound(E)
  'put the stochastics on the workbook. Change column Letter as needed
  .Cells(x - 1, "J") = "%D"
  .Cells(x - 1, "I") = "%K"
  For z = x To y
  .Cells(z, "J") = E(z)
  .Cells(z, "I") = D(z)
  Next z
End With
End Sub

Constant Volume Charts added

I have added the option of constant volume  bar charts (as alternative to time based) for the Excel/VBA based automated trading platform

The constant volume bar option, updates a new bar after a certain amount of volume has completed. This amount should be entered into D3 of the “Live” sheet. Checks are in place to prompt if the values are not entered and the constant volume is set to override the default time based bars.

Below is an example of Constant volume bar charting. You will notice that each bar contains roughly the same amount of volume.


Excel still slow with SP2, despite claims of improved charting.

I have high hopes for performance improvements each time MSFT releases an new version or service pack.  This time the claim with Office 2007 service pack 2 that had me curious was:

Improves the charting mechanism in Excel 2007. This includes better parity with Office 2003, improved robustness, and targeted performance improvement”

Benchmark.xls is a file I created to keep track of Excel’s performance in various O/S and versions. Benchmark.xls makes heavy use of Excel’s charting capabilities and manipulates data in a way typical for handling live market data/trading.

With SP2, Excel still took roughly two and a half hours to complete what takes Office 2003 five minutes.

Office 2003       : Backtest results: 00:04:56
Office 2007 SP1: Backtest results: 02:29:48
Office 2007 SP2: Backtest results: 02:35:38


See Benchmark.xls for more detailed results or to download benchmark.xls.